Block-shaped bone pain when walking
Bone Pain - When Everything Hurts!
Bone pain often means a bitter strain for those affected, which is particularly noticeable when moving. The pain can be the harmless sign of stress or physical strain. But there are also serious causes of bone pain, such as bone necrosis or osteomalacia. Please refer to this post for details on the possible causes and appropriate measures to treat the pain.
How does bone pain arise?
Pain in the area of the bone has its origin in the bone's own nerve fibers. They are extremely sensitive to irritation in or on the bone tissue. Depending on the location and extent of the cause of the pain, the bone pain occurs locally or throughout the body. In addition, radiation pain is conceivable that goes far beyond the actual focus of pain. The following causes can be considered as causes for the pain symptoms:
- Infectious Diseases: Bone pain caused by bacterial infections such as Lyme disease and viral diseases such as flu, hepatitis, measles, mumps or chickenpox are well known. The pain symptoms are often also known as pain in the limbs and are not only based on nerve tracts that are overexcited due to the disease. The immune system is also often overwhelmed with the fight against infectious diseases and therefore sends pain signals that reach into the bones.
- Diseases of the bone: Internal causes of the pain are mainly found in diseases such as osteomalacia, osteomyelitis, osteoporosis and bone necrosis. Extreme bone pain also occurs with bone tumors. The diseases are associated with painful damage to the bone substance and also increase the risk of bone breakage. In the case of bone tumors, radiation therapy or chemotherapy can also cause pain.
- Joint diseases: If a joint has arthritis or osteoarthritis, this initially leads to joint pain. However, the pain here can also spread to adjacent elements of the bone. Particularly in the advanced stage of a joint disease, joint pain quickly leads to radiation pain, which is then classified as bone pain.
- Muscle and nerve diseases: If the nervous system is diseased, this is of course one of the main reasons for an increased sensation of pain. Especially when the nerve disease is very far-reaching, as in multiple sclerosis, even the bones can be affected by the associated pain symptoms. It looks similar with muscle inflammation or muscle tension. Since large parts of the musculature run directly on the bone in a similar way to a large number of nerves, radiation pain, which looks like bone pain, cannot be ruled out.
- Accident trauma: Fractures and lesions are well known to be responsible for bone and joint pain. Depending on how severe the accident trauma was, the pain here is weaker or stronger. The pain in accidental injuries is usually intensified when moving. But resting pain is also conceivable, as pain impulses from the nerves like to discharge in a relaxed state.
- Metabolic and vascular diseases: Circulatory disorders can affect the bones due to an insufficient supply of the bone tissue with oxygen. Bone pain is common here. Blood and vascular diseases such as sickle cell anemia and arteriosclerosis should also be mentioned here. In addition, a deficiency in the supply of the bones with vitamins and minerals that are important for the bone substance, such as vitamin C, vitamin D and calcium, may be the cause of the bone pain.
- Stress and weight load: On the one hand, overweight people have an increased risk of suffering bone, joint and vascular diseases. On the other hand, being overweight itself is an enormous burden on the bone substance. Movement quickly becomes a painful experience for the bones. Stress-related stress as a cause of bone and joint pain should also not be underestimated. Here it is once again the nerves that cause pain symptoms in the presence of overload.
- Age-related changes in bone structure: In women, hormone-related restructuring processes of the bone substance during pregnancy or menopause can often be identified as triggers for bone pain. Adolescents, on the other hand, usually find the cause of a sore bone in bone growth that peaks during puberty. In old age, the pain is sometimes due to kidney disease such as gout.
Treatment of bone pain
A medical history can first be used to diagnose painful bones. Palpation examinations for pressure pain and imaging procedures in the form of ultrasound, X-ray or CT can then reveal the location and cause of the bone pain. The pain triggers then of course make cause-oriented treatment necessary. The pain symptoms themselves can be alleviated by the following measures:
- Medication - Bone and joint pain respond well to pain ointments such as Voltaren, Keltican, marmot ointment or Traumeel. There are of course also pain pills for internal use. In addition, nutrient preparations are recommended that strengthen the bones through a targeted supply of vitamins and minerals.
- Herbs - In the area of medicinal plants, comfrey and hay flower are considered to be particularly effective against bone pain. It is best to take the herbs in tea form or use the plants as part of a poultice for the affected bones. Essential oils from eucalyptus, spruce, camphor, pine, mint or rosemary provide further relief as additives for a relaxing bath.
- Relaxation therapy - Soothing massages as well as relaxation exercises can provide reliable help in the event of incorrect stress on the bones or tension. If bone and joint pain has been proven to result from previous illnesses, sufficient protection of the bones is also required. Therefore, allow yourself enough rest after physical exertion.
Bone Pain - When to Go to the Doctor?
If mild flu-like infections, tension or stress can be identified as the reason for the pain, there is usually no need to worry. However, as soon as the said causes can be ruled out, a doctor's visit is urgently recommended. The number of serious illnesses that may be behind the symptoms of pain is very large and always requires a specialist doctor's investigation.
Bone pain can be a sign of harmless muscle or nerve overload. In addition, there are a number of more serious causes of illness such as bone necrosis, osteomalacia or osteoporosis, which should not be taken lightly. Cause-oriented treatment is the only long-term option to end the pain. In addition, pain relievers, pain relieving herbs and targeted measures for recovery can alleviate the pain until the underlying disease has been adequately treated.
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