Kondiaronk belvedere how to get there


Kondiaronk (* 1649; † 1701), also called Gaspar Soiaga, Souojas, Sastaretsi, Adario and the rat, was chief of the Tionontati Hurons and the Petun in the Mackinac Strait area between Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. He contributed significantly to the Great Peace of Montreal, which was concluded between 40 Indian peoples and New France in 1701, but died shortly before the treaty was signed.[1]


Kondiaronk was considered a brilliant speaker and forward-looking strategist. After a bloody attack by the Iroquois in 1649, he led the two pro-French tribes to new settlement areas near Michilimackinac, between the upper and lower peninsulas of Lake Michigan.[2]

Initially, Kondiaronk had tried to resist the Iroquois urge to expand in the Beaver Wars through an alliance with the colonists of New France. Later, however, he recognized resettlement as the only way to save the Hurons from extinction.[3] In the course of this he became the most important architect of the great peace treaty of August 1701 between the Five Nations the Iroquois and about 35 other Indian tribes in the Great Lakes area.

Kondiaronk succeeded in convincing all parties to the conflict of the advantages of a comprehensive peace work. The Jesuit and historian Father Pierre-François de Charlevoix wrote about him, who had been baptized before: “it was the general opinion that no Indian had ever possessed greater merit, a finer mind, more valor, prudence or discernment in understanding those with whom he had to deal ”.

Two days before the contract was signed, the chief died of a fever on August 2nd. He was buried with great ceremonies in the Notre Dame Church in Montreal, but nothing of the grave remained.


  • The Kondiaronk Belvedere in Mount Royal Park was named after him.
  • In 2001 the government of Canada named him one Person of national historical importance.[4]

Individual evidence

  1. Adario. In: Naval History and Heritage Command USA, Department of the Navy; accessed on September 27, 2014.
  2. ^ William N. Fenton: Kondiaronk, Le Rat. In: Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 24 volumes, 1966–2018. University of Toronto Press, Toronto (English, French). 
  3. ↑ Edgar Andrew Collard: Montreal: The Days That Are No More. Doubleday Canada, Toronto 1976.
  4. ↑ see English Wikipedia: en: Persons of National Historic Significance, with list

Categories:Indian culture | Indian chief | Born 1649 | Died 1701 | man

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