How did Eleva get its name

How did Montreal get its name?

Over the years, Montreal has adopted slogans and nicknames ranging from "The City of Saints" and "Sin City" to "MTL" and Mark Twain's 1881 characterization "The City of a Hundred Spiers". Although there has been some dispute about the origins of the name Montreal, it is believed that in 1705 it became the official name for the island's growing settlement that rises from the cool waters of the Saint Lawrence River.

To trace the origins of the city's name, it is important to go back in time before the French settled in what is now known as Quebec (a derivative of the Algonquin word Kébec, which sometimes translates as "where the River "is translated) narrows," Strait narrows "and" it narrows ").

Before the French arrival, the island was inhabited by St. Lawrence Iroquois who lived mainly in a village called Hochelaga. A series of political and cultural upheavals, along with wars, created the Haudenosaunee or "people of the longhouse", commonly referred to as the Iroquois or Six Nations, as the dominant Aboriginal people in the region.

When Jacques Cartier arrived on the island now known as Montreal in 1535, he climbed the mountain that rises above the surrounding terrain and gives a view of the mighty St. Lawrence behind him and named it Mont-Royal (Mount Royal). In his own words: "Nous nommasses icelle montaigne le mont Royal." (We named the said mountain Mount Royal).

This report makes the story behind Montreal's name seem quite simple: "Montréal" is a clear derivation of "Mont-Royal", a change created by the tongues of time. In fact, in the 16th century, the word réal was a variant of the royal family, contracting Mont-Royal, which created Mont Réal or Montreal. Gradually, the name was applied not only to the mountain, but also to the city that arose around it and the surrounding island.

However, there have been various theories as to why Cartier chose this specific pairing of words for the website. At the time of his travels to the so-called New World, for example, a certain Cardinal de 'Medici was also Archbishop of Monreale near Palermo in Sicily. For confused reasons including leaps of patronage and the recapture of imperial claims (including the Spanish and Portuguese empires), it has been hypothesized that Cartier referred to Mont-Royal as an allusion to this powerful figure.

Another theory is that Cartier chose the name as a gesture for Claude de Pontbriant, one of his companions through this 1535 journey. De Pontbriant was a younger son of the Lord of Montréal, a landowner in south-west France.

Of course, it could well be that Cartier, impressed by the view of the top of the green mountain, simply came up with a name that reflected the majestic surroundings. This theory is certainly the most widespread behind the name of the city.

According to the cartographic history of the area, the historian François de Belleforest was the first to adopt the form of Montréal in his Cosmographie universelle de tout le monde as early as 1575, and in 1612 Samuel de Champlains map referred to the mountain as Montreal. The mission that grew around the mountain was originally called Ville-Marie, but in 1705 Montreal became the settlement's official name.

In the modern Iroquois, Montreal is called Tiohtià: ke. Other First Nations languages ​​such as Algonquin refer to Moniang.