Rs in knitting what yarn is

Learning to knit: 4 tips to get you started

Knitting is not only hip and in fashion again, it is also a very relaxed hobby for cold and wet autumn days. Plus, it's always great to wear something homemade or to give away as a gift. We have step-by-step instructions for anyone who doesn't know how to knit yet but wants to learn.

Learning to knit: the material

The most important materials for the first knitting steps are of course the right knitting needles and good wool, because with the right material you learn to knit much easier. But you can always use other useful utensils such as fabric scissors, measuring tape and, if necessary, a blunt sewing needle or embroidery needle. In the next few paragraphs you will find out what you should pay attention to with your material and what works and how.

Knitting needles

Knitting needles: what to look for

There are many knitting needles, but which ones are the right ones and for which parts do you use which sizes? Basically, you should choose straight and long needles for your first attempts at knitting, because this makes it much easier to get started. Knitting needles are available in a wide variety of materials, such as wood, metal, bamboo or plastic. You are free to decide which material suits you best and feels the most beautiful for you. As far as needle sizes are concerned, the following units generally apply for orientation:

  • 1.5-2 mm for lace yarn
  • 2.5-3 mm for extra fine yarn
  • 3.5-4 mm for fine yarn
  • 4-4.5 mm for thin thread
  • 4.5-5.5 mm for medium thread
  • 5.5-8 mm for thick yarn
  • 8 and larger for extra thick yarn

If you are not sure what size the needle is, you can also get a knitting needle size, as the needle size is not always printed on the knitting needles. A knitting needle measure is something like a ruler that you can use to measure the thickness of a knitting needle. You can get a knitting needle measure in every well-stocked specialist shop. Basically, however, the needle must match the thickness of the thread. You can find out what you have to consider with yarn in the next paragraph.

Wool

Knitting wool is not only different in color

When learning to knit wool, you should make sure that you do not choose the yarn too thin at the beginning. With wool that is a little thicker it is much easier to knit than with thin yarn. The best effect of a little thicker wool is that you can see your own successes with your chosen pattern more quickly, because the individual rows come into their own. In the beginning, your wool should also be as smooth as possible, as smooth wool is a little easier to work with than coarser yarn.

As already said, you should always make sure that the strength of your knitting yarn also matches the strength of your knitting needles. However, this is relatively easy to observe, as the needle size with which you should knit is noted on the tape of each ball of wool. With increasing experience, you will quickly see for yourself which wool is suitable for which needles. At the beginning you should always choose the largest needle size that you can find on the wool package for learning to knit. This is useful because, as a beginner, you will often tend to keep your pattern tense. The thicker the needle size, the easier it will be for you to stay loose and not knit the individual stitches too small.

You can actually find the following wool thicknesses in every wool shop. Each starch is used for a different end product. The different yarn counts naturally have an impact on the end product and the number of stitches you knit. The thicknesses are numbered from 0-6 (slight differences must always be taken into account depending on the type of yarn and the manufacturer of the yarn)

  • Symbol 0: lace yarn (products made from lace)
  • Symbol 1: Extra fine yarn (stockings, baby clothes and small blankets)
  • Symbol 2: Fine yarn (thin sweaters and stockings)
  • Symbol 3: thin yarn (all kinds of knitting work)
  • Symbol 4: Medium yarn (thick sweaters, scarves, hats and gloves)
  • Symbol 5: Thick yarn (jackets and blankets)
  • Symbol 6: Extra thick yarn (carpets)

So to start with, it is better to buy wool with the symbol 4, meaning “medium yarn”. Then, when you are a little advanced, you can switch to yarn with the symbol 3. In general, however, you should make the yarn thickness dependent on what you want to knit.

The basic technique in knitting

Finger position

In order for you to learn to knit quickly, a good basic posture is very important. To take the basic action, take the beginning of the thread from the ball of yarn and wrap it around the index finger of your left hand from the bottom left to the top right. Then you also tie the thread from the bottom left to the top right around the thumb of your left hand. Now the knitting needles come into play. To do this, take one of the two needles and stick it through the thumb loops from below. Then you pick up the working thread with the needle and pull it through your thumb loop. Now just pull your thumb out of the loop.

Now you have to pull the end of the thread so that the first stitch is tightly tied around the knitting needle. Be careful not to pull too tight, as you will not be able to get the stitch off the needle well later. Now you have to hold your needle in your right hand and wrap the thread that comes from the ball around the index finger of your left hand. You do this to control the thread tension. If you wrap the thread around your index finger several times, the thread tension will increase and the thread will no longer slide through your fingers as well.

The meshes

Even when learning to knit, beginnings are difficult

In principle, your knitted piece consists of right and purl stitches. A stitch is a thread loop that is hooked into another thread loop. In this way, a certain pattern is created in the composite, depending on how these meshes are connected to one another. In the case of stitches knitted on the right, a purl stitches are automatically created on the back side and, logically, stitches knitted on the left always create right stitches on the reverse side.

Right stitches

Right stitches look very smooth and have the shape of half an eight. When you knit a right stitch you always have the working thread behind your knitted piece. The working thread is the thread that comes from the ball of wool and is held with the left hand.

With the right needle you thread from front to back through the stitch that is on the left needle. Then you grasp the working thread and pull it through the stitch. The stitch that you knitted before can now slide off the left needle. You have now knitted a new right stitch, which is now on the right needle. On the back of your knitting this stitch can be seen as the left stitch.

Purl stitches

If you want to knit a purl stitch, place the working thread, which comes from the ball of yarn as always, in front of the next stitch on the left needle. Now you have to go with the right needle through the stitch on the left needle in order to then pull the working thread through the stitch. Now your new stitch is on the right needle. Now only leave the stitch that you knitted before from the left needle. On the other hand, you will now see your stitch as a right stitch.

The first knitting pattern

A scarf or a small blanket is suitable as the first piece. You definitely shouldn't start with an overly difficult pattern. For example, you knitted a blanket made of thick wool in a relatively short time. Pieces that are clear in shape and not made up of multiple pieces, like a sweater, are best. Next, you could try knitting a hat. Step by step you will get better and so you can discover your new hobby and quickly develop the fun of it. Because with the first successes it is of course also fun, and you learn to knit faster.

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