How to write a summary of the research work sheets

How do I write a summary?

Summarizing texts is key to understanding them. Because by summarizing what you have read, you get an overview and filter out the important information. Whether for work or school, whether a novel, drama or factual text: the summary helps you to structure a text. In this way, you can also make the most important statements clear and precise to others, such as your teacher or boss. But how do you write a summary? Here are some things to keep in mind when writing a summary:

What you need:

  • some time
  • Knowledge of the text
  • Keywords
  • Pen and paper

Before writing the summary: make keywords!

  1. Read the text that it is about carefully!
  2. Then put the text aside and write down in key words what you remembered from reading it. If it is not a text but a whole book, do the same without looking into the book again.
  3. Your key words should provide answers to the so-called W-questions (what, who, where, how, when, why), provided that these play a role in the text.

Record the most important information in the summary

In your summary, only write down the important content of the text. You should avoid unnecessary embellishments and mention of unimportant things. On the other hand, the answers to the W questions are important.

External characteristics of a summary

  • Start writing your resume with an introduction. This should include the book or text title, the author's name, and possibly the year or period of publication. In addition, a sentence in the introduction should mention the subject of the text or the book.
  • Subsequent to the introduction, you then state the most important features of the content.
  • A summary is written in the present tense.
  • Make sure to write factually and not use colloquial language.
  • Your own thoughts or interpretations of the text do not belong in the summary.
  • Do not give direct speech. This becomes indirect speech in the summary.
  • When writing a summary, do not use quotations from the text.

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