Normandy vultures live where

Aegypiinae, Gypaetinae, Cathartidae vulture

Characteristics

What do vultures look like?

Vultures are a group of large to very large birds of prey that mainly feed on carrion. It is typical that in almost all species the head and neck are free of feathers. They have a powerful beak and powerful claws

However, researchers have found that the vultures form two groups that are only slightly related to each other. The Old World Vultures and the New World Vultures.

The Old World vultures belong to the hawk-like family and form two subfamilies there. One is that of the Old World Vultures (Aegypiinae), which include black vultures and griffon vultures.

The second is the subfamily of the Gypaetinae, the best-known representatives of which are the bearded vulture and the Egyptian vulture.

These two stand out from the other Old World vultures, for example, through their feathered head and neck.

Old World vultures can grow to be over a meter tall and have a wingspan of up to 290 centimeters. Typical for many of them is a ruff made of feathers from which the bare neck protrudes.

The second large group of vultures are the New World vultures (Cathartidae). One of them is the Andean condor, which can grow to around 120 centimeters and a wingspan of up to 310 centimeters. This makes it the largest bird of prey and one of the largest airworthy birds in the world.

While Old World vultures can grab with their feet, the New World vultures lack the claw, so they cannot, for example, hold their prey with the claws of their feet.

Where do vultures live?

Old World vultures can be found in Europe, Africa and Asia. New World Vultures, as their name suggests, are at home in the New World, in America. There they occur in South and Central America and in the USA.

Old World vultures live mainly in open landscapes such as steppes and semi-deserts, but also in the mountains.

New World vultures also inhabit open landscapes, but they also live in forests and in bushland. The turkey vulture, for example, inhabits both deserts and forests.

Some species, such as the black vulture, used to be found only in wetlands. Today they also live in cities and look for garbage in the garbage.

What types of vultures are there?

The Old World vultures include such well-known species as the griffon vulture, the sparrow's egg and the black vulture. The bearded vulture and the Egyptian vulture belong to the subfamily of the Gypaetinae.

There are only seven species of New World vultures. The most famous is the mighty Andean condor. Other known species are the black vulture, turkey vulture, and king vulture

How old do vultures get?

Vultures can get quite old. Griffon vultures are known to live for around 40 years, some animals even much longer. The Andean condor can live to be around 65 years old.

behavior

How do vultures live?

Old and New World vultures have an important job: they are the health police in nature. Because they are predominantly scavengers, they eliminate the carcasses of dead animals and thus ensure that no pathogens can spread.

Old World vultures can smell good, but see even better and discover the carcasses even from a height of three kilometers. New World vultures have an even better sense of smell than the Old World vultures and with their fine nose even detect carrion from a great height that is hidden under trees or bushes.

When it comes to removing carrion, the vultures have a division of labor: the largest species such as griffon vultures and condors come first.

They use threatening gestures to determine which of them is allowed to eat first, and the hungryest animals prevail.

It also makes sense that the largest vultures eat first: only they have enough strength to tear open the skin of dead animals with their beaks.

Some species of vulture mainly eat muscle meat, while others eat intestines. Bearded vultures prefer bones. To get to the marrow, they fly a bone in the air and drop it onto rocks from a height of up to 80 meters. There the bone breaks and the vultures eat the nutritious bone marrow.

All vultures are excellent fliers. You can glide for hours and also cover long distances. While some Old World vultures are sociable and live in colonies, New World vultures are more solitary.

How do vultures breed?

Old World vultures build mighty nests on trees or ledges in which they lay their eggs and in which they raise their young.

New World vultures, on the other hand, do not build nests. They simply lay their eggs on rocks, in caves or in hollow tree stumps.

maintenance

What do vultures eat?

Both Old World and New World vultures are predominantly scavengers.

If they cannot find enough carrion, some species such as the black vulture in summer also hunt animals such as hares, lizards or lambs.

New World vultures also sometimes kill small animals.