How to learn piano sheet music for free

Learn the piano: learn the basics in 13 steps

Piano tutorials, October 9th, 2019

Learn to play the piano for free and in just 13 steps!
In our crash course we offer you the (not at all boring)theoretical foundations for:

  • Designation of all notes the keyboard
  • Whole and half tones
  • Note values and breaks
  • Tact and tempo

So that it doesn't stay theoretical, we have a lot for you Illustrations, Notes to replay, Exercises and various quiz in store for you.

Are you more of the visual type? Perhaps you would like to start with this video introduction on the subject of "Learn to piano in 8 minutes":



Learn to play the piano in our piano courses and videos you will find everything you need to know! Not sure whether it is still worth learning the piano as an adult? We help with tips from music theory and for self-motivation!

Here we go!

What you can learn here:

Step 1: Get to know the keyboard with notes

When you look at the keyboard for the first time, you might think that there are quite a few notes to learn.

But it's easier than it seems:

In principle, you only need to learn 12 notes!

The area marked in gray on the keyboard shows you the notes that you should know.

The notes on this keyboard are in 6 groups of 12 notes grouped. Each group consists of 7 white and 5 black keys. Take a look at the graphic above - the group turns left and right a few times repeated. Every group starts with a "C.“Note (see marking), it is located to the left of two consecutive black keys.

Let's take a closer look at the “C” notes. Do you remember how to find them on the keyboard? Exactly, to the left of a pair of black keys. This is an important thing because before starting any song you must first find the "C" on the keyboard.

Exercise: As little exercise, triesall "C" notes found on the keyboard.

Since it is a bit difficult to find the “C” notes straight away when playing, it is sufficient if you know the middle “C”. As the name suggests, it is in the middle of the keyboard and right in front of you when you sit down in front of the piano. Take a look at the picture above. You will see lines, symbols and numbers there. This is a system of lines. There, too, the middle “C” is in the middle.

The musical language is written down in the line system. Music is a language like any other; it is based on rules, there are special signs and so on. This language expresses what should be played where on the instrument. In the system of lines above, a note is shown - the middle "C". Let's get to know a few more notes in the system of lines and understand how they relate to the keyboard.

Here you can see more "C" notes and how they are represented in the system of lines. Do you recognize the middle "C" in the shaded area?

To the left and right of it are further "C" notes.

If you count the white and black keys on the keyboard, you can see that there are 12 keys (notes) between the “C” notes. In the line system, however, there are 8 lines and spaces between the "C" notes.

This sequence of notes (12 on the keyboard, 8 in the line system) is called an octave. In the picture above you can see octaves on the keyboard and in the system of lines - from one "C" to the next. We will learn all the notes in one octave (1 group) - focusing on the octave with the middle “C”.

Note: Keyboards can have keyboards of different lengths, so don't panic if you count more "C" notes than in the illustration. Just look out for a pair of black keys; the next white key to the left is always a "C" note.

Now that you have learned the "C" notes, it is time to learn the other 11 notes in an octave.

Learning to play an instrument is always a certain challenge - regardless of your age and your previous musical knowledge.

We at music2me want to help you find the best way to start playing the piano. Here you can learn, try out and practice the basics in 12 easy steps.

The piano courses show our piano teacher from your perspective. In this way you learn without having to rethink where to put your fingers (even without having to know all the notes). Just give us a try to learn the piano with us!

We have tried to make this beginner's tutorial for piano as easy as possible.

To follow the course and become familiar with the keyboard, all you need is a small portable keyboard. It doesn't necessarily require a real piano - a small Casio or Yamaha keyboard with built-in speakers will do just fine.

So - hit the keys and off you go!

Step 2: semitones on the keyboard

In the previous unit you learned where the “C” notes are on the keyboard and where the middle “C” is. You already know the other notes on the white keys and are therefore ready for them black buttons.

The notes on the piano are in "Semitones“Divided. Take a look at the middle “C” on the keyboard - the step from here to the first black key on the right is a semitone step. The step from this black key to the "D" key is again a semitone step. The black The keys are therefore in the Halftone spacing to the whiteKeys.

Next, take a look at the "E" and "F" keys - the distance between the two is also a semitone step. That might sound a bit confusing at first, as there is no black key between the keys. We don't want to dive too deeply into music theory at this point, so just keep the following in mind to get started: From one key to the next (including the black) it is a semitone step. This knowledge is important to later understand the concept of raised and lowered tones.

Now you know the semitones and we can do that elevated tones turn to. A heightened tone suits you Half step over a note - that will be used for labeling Sign # (called cross) used. Whenever you see the cross next to a note, the note is struck a semitone higher. When the cross is used, the note name is given a "is" attached.

To illustrate this, take a look at the middle “C” on the keyboard above. If you increase by a semitone, you land on the first black key on the right, which is also called "C sharp".

But what does that look like in the system of lines?

Take a look at the middle “C” in the system of lines above. As you can see, it is accompanied by a cross and should therefore be played a semitone above the middle "C". The note played is called “C #” and corresponds to the first black key to the right of the middle “C”.

Now look at each note within an octave and find the raised notes on the keyboard. There are a total of five - one for each black key. Their names are:

C # – D # – F # – G# – A #

For the lowered tones this applies accordingly same concept. You may already guess that each black key two namesn has. Don't let this confuse you - the reason will quickly become apparent to you.

Now we turn to the degraded tones. A lowered tone lies a semitone lower than the tone - The symbol "" (pronounced like the letter B) is used for identification. Whenever you see the “” next to a note, the note is played a semitone below the note shown. The note name is given a "it" attached.

For illustration look at the "D" on the keyboard above. If you decrease it by a semitone, you land on the first black key to the right of the middle "C". The key is therefore also called “Des”. The black key is called “Cis” and “Des” equally, depending on the perspective.

Let's take a look at this concept in the system of lines.

Take a look at the note “E” in the system of lines above. As you can see, it is notated with a "", so it should be played a semitone below the "E". The note played is called "Es" and corresponds to the first black key to the left of the "E"

Now look at each note within an octave and look for the lowered notes on the keyboard. There are five in total - one for each black key. Their names are:

D.– E.– G– A.– H

Excursus:

At theHthere is one special feature to note. In German, the humiliated "H" does not mean "Hes", but "B". So far that wouldn't be a problem, but the English note names for the C major scale are:

C - D - E - F - G - A - B - C

The grade “H” is called “B” in English and there is a risk of confusion with our “B”. In the most widespread solution, the designation of the German "H" remains and the designation of the German "B" is either retained or, in case of doubt, in "B.“(Pronounced B flat) rewritten. "Flat" is the English term for "lowered" and "sharp" for "increased".

Congratulations, now you already know the concept of raised and lowered tones!

Summary

  • Cis"Is the same black key as"Of“.
  • Dis"Is the same black key as"It“.
  • F sharp"Is the same black key as"Ges“.
  • G sharp"Is the same black key as"As“.
  • Ais"Is the same black key as" B.“.
  • This# Sign stands for increased and this sign for humiliated.

It's best to practice 15 minutes a day before you start playing songs. It makes sense to pronounce the name of a note as you play it and listen carefully to the tone of the note. Remember, however, that the black keys (and some white keys) each have two names.

You are welcome to test your knowledge in a small quiz now.

quiz

Is "Fes "a white or black key?

  1. a) white
  2. b) black

Is "His "a white or black key?

  1. a) white
  2. b) black

Is "It"a white or black key?

  1. a) white
  2. b) black

Is "Ces "a white or black key?

  1. a) white
  2. b) black

solutions

a), a), b), a

Step 3: learn note values ​​on the piano

You have already made great strides in learning the piano and recognizing the language of music - a language that everyone understands. It reaches into the inside of the human being and it has its own special meaning for everyone. With the help of music you can relieve stress or express something for which you cannot find words. It's an art and a way of thinking. Music is a form of math and also a science. By making music together, you learn to work together with others and to creatively achieve a shared goal together. Performing in front of an audience helps to break down inhibitions or to give a presentation in front of a group of people.

Now the time has come to get to know the concepts of basic beat and beat. You are now familiar with all the means that it takes to name and play every note on the piano. Not true? You know the white and black notes - now we want to learn how long notes are to be played and make music together!

In order to make music, instead of just playing notes in random order, you need some kind of map that says which note is to be played when and for how long. Reading sheet music is similar to reading a hiking map. The hiking map shows the destination, the way to get there and where you can rest for how long in order to get to your destination on time. In music, note sequences give you the route; The beat and beat tell you how fast or slow to play the notes.

You can see the waypoints of a piece of music in the system of lines. The staves are divided into small sections, which Bars to be named. The bars, in turn, can be called into even smaller elements Basic beats, be subdivided.

This is where the math behind the music begins. The sum of all beats in a measure must correspond to the value of the selected time signature. To illustrate this, let's assume a measure with the value 1 and four identical basic beats - What is the value of the beats? See questions and answers!

Note values ​​exercises

questions and answers

Q: What is the value of 4 equal beats if they add up to 1?

A: 1/4… 4 quarters added together result in one.

Q: What is the value of 8 equal beats if they add up to 1?

A: 1/8… 8 eighth notes added together result in one.

Q: What is the value of 16 equal beats if they add up to 1?

A: In each case 1/16… 16 sixteenths added together result in one.

Q: What is the value of 2 equal beats if they add up to 1?

A: 1/2… 2 halves added together result in one.

Q: What is the value of 1 beat if the total is 1?

A: One!

Let's sum it up.

We have basic strokes with the following values:

  • quarter
  • eighth
  • Sixteenth
  • half
  • Whole

A note in the staff contains at least two pieces of information. The first, as you learned in the previous lesson, is its “melodic name” (note name) - this is derived from the position of the note in the staff.

There are "C" notes, "D" notes, "F #" notes, and so on. The second is its “rhythmic name” (note value) - this expresses how long (or short) a note should be played. Analogous to the basic beats, there are among others the following note names:

  • Quarter note
  • Eighth note
  • Sixteenth note
  • Half note
  • Whole note

So we can have a “C” note, which is a quarter note, or an “A #” note, which is also a half note. Just remember that the description of a note in the staff always includes two elements and that all note values ​​in the measure must add up to the value of the measure.

As you can see in the graph, notes can be filled or empty. You will also have noticed that some noteheads have a stem with or without a flag. The Note form shows you the note value. Here are a few examples:

The quarter note has no flag and a filled note head.

The eighth note has a simple flag and is filled in.

The sixteenth note has a double flag and is filled in.

The half note has no flag and is not filled in.

The whole note has no stem and is not filled in.

In summary, it can be said that grades can be described with at least three characteristics:

  • Note names
  • Note value
  • Elevated or humiliated

Excellent! You are well on your way to reading sheet music and playing the piano. Again, well done!

Here comes this quiz:

  1. A whole note corresponds to ____ half notes combined
  2. Two
  3. Four
  4. eight
  5. The staff are divided into sections called ____.
  6. Chords
  7. Bars
  8. Stanzas
  9. Two eighth notes plus a quarter note correspond to one ____.
  10. Half a note
  11. Dotted quarter note
  12. Dotted half note
  13. Two quarter notes plus a half note correspond to ____.
  14. An eighth note
  15. A whole note
  16. A triple eighth note

Reply:

  1. a
  2. b
  3. a
  4. b

Since you have been so motivated so far, you can now treat yourself to a well-deserved break. Check out the following video on the history of notes:

Step 4: Everything about the clock

Take a look at the quarter notes in the graphic. What do you see?

Right, you see four "F" quarter notes, which add one together 4/4 time with the length 1 surrender. In this lesson we want to learn more about bars.

But let's first take a closer look at the system of lines. The top five horizontal lines are "Treble clef" called. This clef shows you what the right hand should play on the piano. It is identified by the strange sign left of the number 4/4which, with a good dose of imagination, looks like a violin.

The lower five lines become "Bass clef“Called and show you what they left hand should play on the piano. This key also has its own character, which somewhat resembles an inverted C with a colon.

In the first measure you will find the clef and the time signature (or time signature). You can find the time signature at the beginning of the treble clef and bass clef alike.In the graphic, a 4/4 cycle is specified for both keys (4 over 4). The top number indicates the number of beats per measure, i.e. each measure here is four notes long. The lower number gives you the “rhythmic name” (note value) of each of these beats in a measure. In a 4/4 time, four quarter notes correspond to one time. In other words, the measure is four quarter notes long.

One bar can do one any combination of note values include (quarter, eighth, sixteenth, half) as long as they add up to the length of the measure. You see how important math is for music; therefore we are now refreshing our fractions a bit.

The fraction (4/4) that you see next to the clefs is called the time signature (also known as the time signature).

There are many different time signatures, for example 2/2, 2/4, 3/4 or 3/8 time. The 4/4 time from the graphic corresponds to a fraction with the length 1, because 4/4 = 1. Four quarters added together make 1, but there are many more possible combinations.

Beat in Music - Examples

Take a look at a few examples of measures:

  • 1 = 1 (1 whole note corresponds to one measure)
  • 1/2 + 1/2 = 1 (2 half notes together make up a measure)
  • 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1 (4 quarter notes together make up a measure)
  • 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 = 1 (8 eighth notes added together give a measure)
  • 1/16 + 1/16 + 1/16 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/4 + 1/4 = 1 (4 sixteenth, 2 eighth and 2 quarter notes added together make a measure)

As you can see, in principle any combination of notes is conceivable as long as they add up to a length of 1.

So that's it for this step. You can be proud of yourself because now you already know all the essential tools for reading and playing music.

We will therefore use these tools in the next lesson. In later lessons you will get to know the concept of “key” - which is essential in addition to the concept of “time” in order to be able to play a piece. For now, let's recall all of the tools you have learned so far.

Summary

  • Note names (including raised and lowered) of the piano's notes
  • Note names (including raised and lowered) of the notes in the line system
  • Note values ​​of the notes in the line system (quarter, eighth, sixteenth, half, whole)
  • Time signature (the time signature)
  • Treble clef (to be played with the right hand)
  • Bass clef (to be played with the left hand)

Step 5: Beat and Tempo in Practice

As you already know, the time signature determines how many heartbeats or basic beats of a note value belong together. Now you are ready to learn the tempo, i.e. how fast or how slow to play a bar. Listen to the audio sample.

You hear the tempo of the piece shown:

The pace is expressed in beats per minute - every click you hear represents a beat. It clicks once per second, i.e. the tempo of this song is 60 beats per minute or 60 BPM (beats per minute).

The time signature “4/4” tells you that the length of each measure must be four quarter notes. The tempo tells you how fast to play the quarter notes in a row. Listen to the audio sample.

Exercise: Follow the click tone carefully - each click corresponds to the touch of a quarter note. With every click you can tap your thigh with your hand and wander your eyes from one quarter note to the next - until the end. Then you can start all over again.

Please repeat this exercise for at least 3 minutes to get a secure feeling for the tempo of the beat.

Congratulation!

Do you know what you just did? You have just learned to read notes and translate them into music. So far, you've only been knocking the notes on your thighs, but soon you'll be playing the first pieces on the piano!

Time to call your friends, parents or loved ones and tell them you've learned to read music!

Step 6: learn to play a melody on the piano

You will need your piano for the next lesson. As soon as you are finished, please play the audio sample.

In the previous lessons you heard clicks, now you hear the sound of a piano. Every keystroke on the piano corresponds to a "click" - you hear the tone "F" above the middle "C".

Place the ring finger of your right hand on the "F" note on your keyboard. Do you remember how to find the "F"? Starting from the middle “C”, it is the fourth white key on the right. If you need a refresher, please revisit Lesson 1.

Exercise: To tune in, play the “F” note a few times and then play along with the song. As you play, follow the “F” notes on the keyboard in the graphic above. Repeat this exercise until you feel confident, as this will train your ability to read and play notes.

If you are not sure where to put your fingers, the following tool will make it easier for you to learn the piano. With the following button you jump to the illustration with the middle C. From there you can orientate yourself further:

First of all, take a look at the staff. What do you see? Right, two different quarter notes. The first is middle "C" as you can see on the keyboard. It is repeated twice. The second note, also repeated twice, is an "F". Now please play the second audio sample.

Now it's your turn. Place the thumb of your right hand on the middle "C" of your piano. Now, place the ring finger of your right hand over the "F" note, i.e. to the right of the middle "C". Play the middle "C" twice in a row with your thumb and then the "F" twice in a row with your ring finger. Repeat this exercise a few times and you will find that you are playing the same melody as in the audio sample.

As before, you can read along note by note on the staff at the same time. If you need more than three minutes, it doesn't matter - just take the time you need. More importantly, you practice until it feels natural to read and play notes at the same time.

The ability to read and play notes at the same time is necessary to play music from the sheet music. You should also build up your sense of time, so it is important that you play the notes at the same time as in the audio sample. Repeat the exercise as long as you need to be in tune with the melody.

Congratulations! In the last lesson you started reading and playing music at the same time and now you've already played your first duet. In a duet, two people (in this case you and the computer) play a piece together.

Your musical journey will gradually lead you to an ever better understanding and awareness of music. May your future journey bring you much joy.

More exercises in reading and playing music will follow in the following lessons. You should always proceed as follows:

  1. Look at the time signature
  2. Determine the length of a measure
  3. Play audio sample
  4. Read notes at the pace of the audio sample ...
  5. ... and play

That's it for this lesson, you did great!

Step 7: fingering - where to put all your fingers

So that you don't knot your fingers while playing, there are hints on a keyboard that show you which finger is playing the first note.

Fingering helps you play pieces of music more easily. You know by fingeringwhat fingers onwhich buttons belong.
You move your hands smoother and easier with the keyboard.

Imagine you are sitting in front of the piano. Hold your hands out in front of you - palms down - and spread your fingers apart. Look to your left hand. The little finger gets the number # 5, the thumb # 1. Each of the fingers is now assigned a number in descending order from 5:

  • What number do you think your index finger has? Right # 2!
  • And what number is your ring finger? Right # 4!
  • What's your middle finger number? # 3!

Learning the piano takes practice. In the beginning it is not easy to control each finger individually and to make it clear to your brain that only the muscles of one finger should be addressed. But with a little practice it works by itself and you won't have to think about it anymore.

Now look at your right hand - its fingers will be numbered the same as those on your left hand before:

  • Thumb is # 1
  • Index finger is # 2
  • Middle finger is # 3
  • Ring finger is # 4
  • Little finger is # 5

Here you can see the numbering of both hands again at a glance:

Now repeat the above exercise with your right hand.

Wiggle!

As the final exercise in this lesson, let's try typing on the keyboard to improve the movement of your fingers.

To do this, place your fingers on your keyboard and place the fingers of your left hand on the keys as follows:

  • Finger # 5 on the A.
  • Finger # 4 on the S
  • Finger # 3 on the D
  • Finger # 2 on the F
  • Finger # 1 on the space bar

Exercise: Type the following combination of letters for three minutes. You don't need to type spaces, as they are just meant to make your reading easier. But when you see the letter “X”, you press the space bar with the thumb of your left hand, at the letter “O” you press the space bar with the thumb of your right hand.

Here we go!

AAAA XXXX SSSS XXXX DDDD XXXX FFFF XXXX JJJJ OOOO KKKK OOOO LLLL OOOO ÖÖÖÖ OOOO

And ... stop!

If you add this lesson to your favorites and do the exercises daily, you will soon make progress. The point of this lesson is to teach your brain to control each finger individually. This doesn't work overnight - but after about 90 days, the nerve connections to your fingers have improved significantly.

Doing this exercise several times a day for 5 days will strengthen your nerve connections and get off to a good start on finger control. Remember, practice doesn't make perfect, but it gives you confidence ... and that's always good.

Step 8: play the piano with two hands

It's show time!

In this lesson, we put together everything we've learned so far. But don't worry - we'll carefully explain every step we take together.

First of all, look at the staff. The notes for your right hand are shown on the top staff lines, those for your left hand on the ones below:

So you will play the first bar with your left hand, the second with your right and in the third and fourth bars with both hands together. To get an idea of ​​what the song sounds like, listen to the audio sample.

Place finger # 5 of your left hand on the low "C" of your keyboard. The low "C" is 7 white keys below the middle "C". If you can't find the low "C" right away, look at the keyboard in the illustration above - it's marked with the number 5.

Now place finger # 1 (your thumb) of your right hand on the middle "C", which is also marked with the number 1. Your hands are now in the correct starting position.

In the third measure you will have to adjust your finger positions. Finger # 1 of the left hand changes to the note "A", below the middle "C". Finger # 3 of the right hand is on the "A" note above the middle "C". If you left your fingers in their starting position, you wouldn't have enough fingers left to play the notes by the third measure. It's best to try it out yourself.

You now have a feel for what the song sounds like. Now is the time to play for yourself! Perhaps you will start off by playing the song for 5-10 minutes. This will help you a lot in practicing left and right hand coordination.

Top! Your first two-handed piece is a huge step forward. You also learned how important it is to put your fingers on the right keys. Well, let's take a look at the other ways music can be written to make it easy for the player.

Excursus on note stems and bars

First look at the song shown. What do you notice?

Exactly, it's the same song as before and is played exactly the same, but some notes look different.

The eighth notes are connected by a bar. This is how the composer groups notes within a measure. This helps the player on the one hand to follow the notes and visually divides the measure into sections.

Generally, eighth and sixteenth notes are connected with a bar. This also helps to keep track of the staff when there are many eighth and sixteenth notes. This is a good time to get out your notebook and copy your grades. To do this, first draw the circle and then the stem. This is followed by the flag or, if it makes sense, a bar.

As you already know, the line system shows five lines for the bass and treble clef. If the note is below the middle (third) line, the stem is drawn upwards. If the note is on or above the third line, the stem is drawn downwards.

Step 9: playing breaks

At the beginning, take your music book and write down the following pauses:

In this overview, you can see each note and its corresponding rest. That means that Length of note values ​​and rest values are equal.

In other words:

  • The note value (or note length) of a quarter note is equal to that of a quarter rest
  • The note value of a half note is the same as that of a half rest
  • The note value of a whole note is the same as that of a whole rest
  • The note value of an eighth note is the same as that of an eighth rest
  • The note value of a sixteenth note is the same as that of a sixteenth rest

Pauses are used by composers to indicate where not to play. The basic beat continues, but no note is sounded during the break. Before we look at a few examples, we would first like to introduce some changes in the presentation so that you become less dependent on resources.

As an introduction to the theory of breaks, please listen to the audio sample.

This is where you listen typical example with quarter breaks. First, note that this is a 4/4 time signature. In order to give you a feeling of the tempo of the 4/4 time, we play at the beginning four clicks. This routine is also called “setting the pace”. Every musician needs to know what the right tempo is in order to be able to play a piece. You can read below how many ways this can be done.

Exercise: Please listen to the audio sample again and play along. Repeat the exercise for 5 minutes. Then you should be able to play the song without the help of the example - again for 5 minutes.

Other expressions for "specifying the beat" include:

  • Counting tact
  • Beat clock
  • Find speed
  • One, two, three, four ... (e.g. rock ‘n‘ roll)
  • Determine the rhythm
  • … and many more.

Congratulations, you are well on your way to becoming a real piano player.

To give the lessons a finishing touch, you should consider going to the nearest music store and getting one Music book with short, simple songs to get. Maybe you know someone who can lend you a notebook. The songs shouldn't be heavier than the ones you get to know here.

It would be good if you Practice 30 minutes a day could by playing a song from the booklet. With what you have learned so far, you can approach the task with confidence and self-confidence.

Perhaps you should also make sure that the songs are in 4/4 time, but there may also be some in 3/4, 2/4 and 6/8 time, as we will learn these soon.

Step 10: waltzes and other types of music

If you've been busy playing songs from your new songbook up to now, you will likely have come across other time signatures. Some of these can be seen in the illustration above.

Each Time signature shows the Value of a measure just like you already got to know with the 4/4 time. A 3/4 time signifies that each measure has the value of 3 quarter notes. A 2/4 time indicates that each measure has the value of 2 quarter notes Has. A 6/8 measure, in turn, indicates that each measure has the value of 6 eighth notes.

  • A 3/4 time is used for a waltz.
  • A 2/4 time signature is used for a march or a polka.
  • A 6/8 time signature is used for a fast waltz.

Below is a library of time signature and examples of how they are played. How about a bite of music to whet your appetite?

While the time signature page loads, feel free to listen to Paul Desmond's Take Five song.

The song is held in 5/4 time - so it consists of 5 quarter notes per measure. You also get a 5/4 time when you combine a 2/4 time with a 3/4 time. There are many pieces in which different time signatures are combined to create a unique arrangement of music.

Waltz - 3/4

March - 2/4

Fast Waltz - 6/8

Half time (soccer)

The best way to learn genres of music (which are characterized by time signature) is to listen to them. If you hear them often, you can visualize them before you play them. For example, if you see 3/4 time, you will remember a waltz that you have heard before. This will give you a good idea of ​​what the song should sound like before you play it. This is very important!

Whether it's a band leader, a music teacher, or a composer, they'll all want to give you an idea of ​​the song with the help of the musical style.

Let's take a look at some common types of music:

  • Waltz in 3/4
  • Jazz waltz in 3/4
  • Dixieland “Alla Breve” (2/4), see crossed out C
  • Polka in 4/4
  • Polka "Alla Breve" (2/4), see crossed out C
  • Jazz waltz in 6/8
  • March in 4/4
  • March “Alla Breve” (2/4), see crossed out C
  • Jazz waltz in 5/4
  • Bossa nova in 4/4
  • Ballad in 4/4
  • Ballad in 3/4
  • Ballad in 6/8
  • Swing in 4/4
  • 12 bar blues in 4/4

There are hundreds of other styles, whether classical, Latin American, oriental or folk music.

You did great!

Just for fun you can look back on the previous page and play through the different time signatures. Each example is played on the white keys, i.e. without raised or lowered notes. Try the left hand, but don't be too dogged.

It's all about the pleasure of playing. We'll return to ear training and chords for the left hand later.

Step 11: correct finger position and playing techniques

Correct posture and playing techniques will help you learn the piano efficiently.

A small quiz ready to start?

On the staves above you can find 16 bars each of which is missing a note.

Your task is it the missing grade for each bar to find out and write down the corresponding letters.

In your music book you will immediately draw a few pictures in which all notes of the same name and their position in the staff can be seen. For example, look at the graph above with all of the “F” notes showing.

We will limit the drawings to those notes that lie between the lowest and highest notes of the “major scale”. When you draw your pictures, please pay attention to them too clef - Treble clef and bass clef - to be inserted. You are free to choose the rhythm.

You have already seen the group of “F” notes, now it goes on with the other notes:

  1. Draw all of the "G" notes that are on the large scale
  2. Draw all of the "A" notes that are on the large scale
  3. Draw all of the "H" notes that are on the large scale
  4. Draw all of the "C" notes that are on the large scale
  5. Draw all of the "D" notes that are on the large scale
  6. Draw all of the "E" notes that are on the large scale

As soon as you have found and grouped all the notes with the same note name, continue with the topic of playing technique.

Correct body and finger posture

Do you remember our method a number for each finger assign? This was a tool to keep your fingers from tripping over each other. In order for the finger technique to work, your Hands correctly positioned however be.

Figure 1 shows the correct hand position: The back of the hand is parallel to the piano keys. Try it yourself! Hold your hand over the keyboard as shown in Figure 1.

Do you see how your forearm is now parallel to the keyboard?

If you ready to play a note. When doing this, remember that your wrists, not your elbows, are the pivotal points. Therefore, only your wrist and of course your finger joint should move when you hit the note. The movement is similar to scratching your leg. Try again!

Here are a few more tips on Posture:

  1. Your fingers should slightly curved linger under your hand.
  2. You should upright sit as if you were typing a letter.
  3. Your arms should relaxed be.
  4. Your right foot should be higher than your left foot stand so the heel is yours Support the supine position can.

That's it for this lesson. Your self-motivation to want to play the piano is wonderful and commendable. You studied all of these lessons without a teacher having to be there to motivate you. Your initiative and passion form the best basis for becoming a good piano player.

One day you will need the help of a mentor or teacher to hone your skills. Remember, however, that you don't learn to play the piano overnight; it is a long journey.

Step 12: staying in rhythm

In this lesson we work on rhythm and a sense of time, because after all there is also one right note, played at the wrong time, wrong.

There are many methods around that Memorize beats. One common method is using numbers. For the 4/4 time is used by, for example Counted 1 to 4, where each number represents a basic beat. If eighth notes occur in 4/4 time, these fall through the meshes of the "1-2-3-4 net". So you help yourself by saying “One and Two and three and four and one ... ”speaks. With sixteenths you say "one-e-and-d two-e-and-d ..." and with triplets "one-and-the-two-and ..."

It is more playful when you den assigns syllables or even words to notes, like the composer and music teacher Zoltán Kodály:

  • Quarter notes: ta
  • Half notes: ta-a
  • Whole notes: ta-a-a-a
  • Eighth notes: titi
  • Sixteenth notes: tiri tiri

Of course, you can also use your own words, as long as the syllables match the rhythm.

Next, please play the mp3 file. The audio sample combines the three staves in the top graphic, where one clap corresponds to one note.

Exercise: While you're listening to the piece play along with the rhythm and carefully follow the notes. Repeat the exercise three times. Next you can join the words and repeat the exercise three more times.

You got to this point in our crash course - you didtrue motivation Learning to play the piano shown!

You will learn piano even faster with our 140+ videos!

Step 13: motivational tips when practicing is difficult

If your motivation, which you have shown us so strongly so far, should have a slack, we have 3 tips for you that will get you back on track:

  1. Five minutes maximum: The last practice unit didn't go so well and you actually have no motivation to sit down at the piano? Play only 5 minutes! You can do that and you feel better because you did something! (And maybe you will then voluntarily practice longer ...)
  2. Listen to pianists: Youtube or Spotify - you are spoiled for choice. You wanted to listen to the soundtrack of the last film you saw a long time ago, right? After the third song at the latest, you feel like pressing a few keys again.
  3. You earned a reward: For a 15-minute piano practice unit, promise yourself an episode of your favorite series or the chocolate bar that you've been sneaking around all day.