What is cmr Versicherung Hannover


CMR stands for “Convention relative au contrat de transport international de marchandises par route”, which in German means something like “International agreement on transport contracts in road freight transport”.

The CMR describes the international agreement on cross-border transports carried out by land. The agreement contains regulations on the basis of which it regulates issues such as the award of contracts, liability in the event of delay, loss or damage to the transported goods and order processing. The contract also contains provisions for the case of successive carriers.

The agreement applies if at least the country of departure or destination of the goods in question is a CMR member state. If the freight contract was concluded under the CMR, the agreement also supersedes national transport law. Only if a matter is not adequately regulated by the CMR does national law apply in addition.

In addition, it is only valid when loading road vehicles. This means that containers or swap bodies are not considered vehicles on their own, but only in combination with the corresponding vehicle.

History of the CMR

The agreement was signed in 1956 under the auspices of the UN. The founding states included: Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland. All European countries, several countries in Central Asia and the Middle East as well as two African countries (Morocco and Tunisia) have now acceded to the agreement.

The term in practice

The term CMR actually refers to the agreement itself, but in practice it is also often used as a synonym for the CMR consignment note.