What is DDM in education


There is only one thing that is more expensive than education in the long run, no education.
John F. Kennedy

True education does not consist in dead knowledge and empty memory stuff, but in the living development of the mind and the power of judgment.
Ernst Haeckel

In pedagogy, education refers to the way people deal with themselves and their environment with the aim of competent and responsible action. Education as a review and expansion of constructions of reality is therefore more than the mere transfer and acquisition of knowledge and qualifications, but education in the broadest sense is self-enlightenment and emancipation.

The concept of education is closely related to social values ​​and individual convictions, i. In other words, it is political and is therefore mostly used by different interests without explicit justification. Education is also both a process and a product of a process. A comprehensive concept of education goes far beyond the transfer of knowledge and traditional school lessons, because education means the development of the entire personality, the preparation for future phases of life through the use of knowledge and the opportunity to continue learning as well as active participation in society. Education should and must also help to even out social differences and improve the future prospects of those people whose starting conditions are less favorable.

Education is ultimately understood as Unfolding process of an individual, as the actual process of Incarnation, as the development of the personality as a result of targeted instruction on the one hand, and as a result of the development, as the degree of personality development, as the state of Self-actualization of man on the other hand.

In order to be educated, it is enough Freinet not that a child eats every material that is served to him in a more or less exciting way: it has to act itself, be creative itself. And above all, it must be able to live in an appropriate environment; it must not dawn in one of our modern dungeons for the captive youth. To live life as intensely as possible is ultimately the goal of all the efforts of educational institutions. The most important task of the school is to develop the ability to live as well as possible.

See also formal education.

By the way: From an etymological point of view, the German term education includes on the one hand the (new) creation or manufacture in the sense of the creative creation of new forms, on the other hand the image or the shape as imagined or real (re) creation of already existing forms. The educational concept of education, which developed in the 18th century, relied less on images than on writing, which pushed this aspect of educational processes into the background. In addition, the concept of education was increasingly formulated in terms of teaching, so that its in the concept of Mimesis applied richness faded over time (Stöger, 1992, p. 271).

The word education does not exist in the English language, not even in French, where usually from education or. éducation is spoken of, i.e. education, which is not a direct counterpart to the German-language term education. Therefore, attention must be drawn to the fact that the German concept of education encompasses a much more far-reaching anthropological dimension than education, for example in which it explicitly refers to Maturity who turns off the pupils.


Freinet, C. (1996). Educational texts. In J. Hering & W. Hövel (eds.), Still ahead of the times. Childhood, school and society from the perspective of Freinet pedagogy. Bremen: Pedagogy Cooperative.

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