How to cover golden teeth

What is the tooth

The tooth - in Latin dens - belongs together with the bones to the hard tissue of humans. They are mainly used to chop or grind food. In humans, sound formation (especially the S sound) and social functions are added as functions. Teeth play an important role in a person's life and should therefore always be well cared for and cared for.

How many teeth do human teeth have?

Man usually has between 28 and 32teeth. The difference in number is due to the fact that some people do not have wisdom teeth from birth. The human dentition consists of 8 incisors, 4 canines, 20 molars, where one 8 premolars and 12 molars differs.

The term molar comes from the Latin term for millstone (molaris), which means that the molars and their chewing surfaces are primarily used to grind food.

The incisors and canines are mainly responsible for biting off or severing and thus for the comminution of parts of the food.

What types of teeth are there in humans?

A number of different teeth are distinguished in human dentition:

Incisors - The eight front teeth are also known as incisors. The incisor has a shovel or chisel shape and has no chewing surface. Therefore it is mainly used to bite off. The change of the incisors takes place from the age of 6 years.

Canines (Canini) - The large, often pointed front teeth, which are located between the four incisors and the first molars, are called canines because of their position in the dentition.

Molars - All small and large molars are also called posterior teeth. There are the premolars, which are also called premolar teeth, and the molars, respectively. Molars, which have the largest chewing surfaces for grinding food. They are also considered to be the strongest teeth in the dentition.

Wisdom teeth - These are molars that are at the end of a row of teeth. Mostly there are four wisdom teeth. The special thing about wisdom teeth is that, unlike all teeth, they only erupt late, usually between the ages of 17 and 24. In some people, wisdom teeth never erupt and remain under the gums for a lifetime.

What does the structure of a tooth look like?

Each tooth consists of the tooth crown, the tooth neck and the tooth root and is made up of several layers.

Dental crown
The natural tooth crown is the freely visible part of a tooth that is not covered by the gums. If the tooth or the gums are healthy, you can see the crown of the tooth.

Tooth neck
If the gums recede due to diseases, the neck of the tooth also becomes visible.

All human teeth have a three-layer structure. Here the enamel (enamelum) is the external hard substance and covers the visible part of the tooth (tooth crown). Tooth enamel is the hardest substance there is in the human body. Under the enamel lies the dentin or dentin. The dentin surrounds the tooth nerve. With regard to the innermost layer, one speaks of the pulp or pulp. It is important to know that tooth enamel, once destroyed, is lost forever. Since the breakdown of tooth enamel by acids is usually painless, this is only recognized very late.

Tooth root
Every human tooth has at least one tooth root. The ratio of one to a maximum of two roots per tooth applies above all to incisors, canines and the small molars. Large molars are considered to be multi-rooted teeth that have up to 4 root canals. The canines, in turn, are the teeth with the longest roots.

What is the role of the gums and the tooth bed in teeth?

The gums and the tooth bed are decisive for the hold of the tooth.

As part of the oral mucosa, the gums cover the neck of the tooth and the edges of the alveolar bones like a collar. Healthy gums are light pink in color. It usually doesn't bleed when touched or when you brush your teeth. The systematic control of the gums is important for the detection of diseases and inflammations in the oral cavity. That is why we carry out an assessment of the gums at every preventive or check-up at the dentist and also during professional tooth cleaning.

Tooth bed
The tooth bed is a functional system consisting of gums, periodontal membrane, cement and the bone surrounding the tooth (alveolar bone). It includes all supporting tissues that absorb the load on the tooth.

What are sensitive teeth?

As a rule, the neck of the tooth is not exposed, but is surrounded by the gums and protected by the tooth enamel. If this is not the case, teeth are sensitive and even painful to cold or heat or various foods, for example. Such teeth are also known as sensitive teeth.

Sensitive teeth can affect anyone. The main causes of sensitive teeth are the wrong brushing technique when brushing your teeth (see the most common mistakes), excessively abrasive toothpastes or acidic drinks. However, general diseases (e.g. diabetes, eating disorders such as bulimia, anorexia nervosa) can lead to damage to the enamel in the area of ​​the tooth neck and are therefore responsible for sensitive teeth.

What is a denture?

Dentures are used where a tooth loss has been suffered. In other words, people have lost their own natural tooth due to an accident or dental disease. These tooth gaps are to be taken seriously. Because without treatment, further damage to the jaw and often even to the entire dentition is very likely. Because every tooth needs a counterpart, the so-called counterbite, for its task in food processing. If this is not the case, the bite situation changes over time, which can lead to serious consequential damage.

A basic distinction is made between stuck and removable dentures. Fixed dentures include bridges and, for example, crowns. The removable denture is commonly referred to as a prosthesis. A distinction is made between partial dentures and full dentures for the upper and lower jaw.

Basically, the preservation of your own tooth should always be in the foreground. If treatments such as a root canal treatment no longer guarantee the preservation or other health consequences cannot be ruled out, then tooth extraction and subsequent dentures should only be carried out.

Why can teeth be considered 32 marvels?

Our teeth do incredible things for a lifetime. Considering 18,000 tons of foodn that are crushed in a human life can also be called hard labor. It can always come back to you Chewing pressure of 400kg come. Records in pulling airplanes (Airbus 320 50 tons), trains (260 tons) or buses (13 tons) show that extraordinary things can be achieved with the teeth and their chewing pressure. Because here the pull rope was held with the teeth.

Every marvel is unique. No set of teeth in the world is the same. Every person has an individual set of teeth. Like a fingerprint, the incomparable individual tooth structure also serves to identify each individual person.

Such marvels want or have to be cared for, which is why a person spends around 2060 hours or 85 days with dental care in his life.

Why are beautiful teeth important to many people?

Beautiful and healthy teeth are an expression of health and vitality. This is attractive to many people. Laughter is a very important part of social life. Most of the time you get a smile back when you give a smile yourself. Laughter is associated with sympathy.

Teeth play an important role in laughing. Because when a person laughs freely from the heart, he will unconsciously show his teeth to the other. This means that the teeth are more or less in the display and are clearly visible to the opposite. If the teeth are then perceived as beautiful and healthy, they have a reinforcing effect on attractiveness and likeability. In the case of misaligned teeth or obvious dental diseases, the opposite effect can occur. Joseph Joubert, a French Moralist in the 18th century, aptly put it: "The smile lives only on the lips, but the laughter has its seat and its grace in the teeth. "

That teeth are an important factor for that attractiveness is also proven by study. According to this, teeth occupy a prominent position when they first get to know each other, even before the eyes, body figure and haircut. In the first few seconds of a meeting, the mouth and teeth are heavily involved in the unconscious decision as to whether or not you are sympathetic to your counterpart.

With the regular care of your teeth and your oral cavity both at home and 2-4 times a year by a prophylaxis expert, you can ensure that the fit and grace of laughter can be maintained for a lifetime. Because smiling is the best way to show someone your teeth.

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Faq - 3 common questions about teeth

Teeth whose firm hold in the dentition increasingly weakens or is no longer given are called loose teeth. If these are milk teeth, it is a normal process in the course of changing from milk teeth to adult teeth. However, if permanent teeth are affected, this is in many cases a sign of advanced inflammation of the periodontium (periodontitis). Therefore, an immediate clarification by a dentist is strongly recommended.

No. All of a person's teeth are created at birth. This also means that the permanent teeth are already there and only appear due to the physical growth with the change of teeth. In contrast to sharks or mice, where teeth that have fallen out grow back, people have to resort to artificial dentures in such cases.

According to the Guinness Book of Records, a human tooth can be 37.2 mm long. In 2018 a tooth of this size had to be removed by a dentist because it was responsible for the inflammation in the jaw.

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