How to Study in China Universities Agency
Semester abroad in China
"Zhong guo" - the middle country. This is how many Chinese call their homeland. As a visiting student you can experience tradition and modernity, economic growth and communism as well as a wide variety of landscapes and people. Information on study opportunities, funding, history and language of China.
By Katrin Iost *
China is also known as the home of the panda bear. Since China placed these journeymen under protection, the population has increased again
1. Why study in China?
Anyone who hears the word "China" often associates it with "Made in China", mass production, one-child policy (converted to two-child policy since 2016), high economic growth rates, political differences, but also strong public scrutiny Internet. But China has more to offer. The most populous country is becoming an increasingly important player on the political as well as on the economic stage. In the most popular countries for studying abroad, it already achieved 6th place in the 2016/17 academic year, just behind the USA.
Alternative energies are also finding their way into China - here in Shanghai. In recent years, information about heavy smog in the metropolises has repeatedly reached Europe. The Chinese government does not like to see reports on sensitive issues, but there is a need to reduce air pollution from the surrounding area.
The Chinese can look back on over 3,500 years of history. After a succession of numerous imperial dynasties, the country changed to a republic under the Kuomintang and Chiang Kai-sheck in the 10s of the 20th century. After civil war and international conflicts, the republic culminated in a People's Republic (VR) in 1949 with Mao Zedong and a communist-oriented party as leadership. Mao Zedong died in 1976. The current president is Xi Jinping. Since a constitutional amendment in March 2018, he can stay that way until the end of his life.
The inhabitants of the Far Eastern country appreciate their rich culture and tradition. There is now a very interesting mix of modern and traditional, which makes this country very multifaceted. The residents are interested and helpful to visitors. Shanghai as a port city in the east of China is considered to be the economic center and most important industrial city of China, whereas Beijing in the northeast takes on the role of the cultural and political center.
The geography of China is also very varied. In the east and south-east there is the Yellow, East China and South China Sea, the tropical south scores with distinctive flora and fauna, the entire west is characterized by its high mountain ranges and steppes and deserts are characteristic of the north.
The Germans also left their mark here over a hundred years ago when they claimed the beautiful coastal city of Qingdao as a colony (from 1898 to 1914) and opened the first brewery in China with the beer known today as Tsingtao (1903).
Economy: Germany is for China Gateway to Europe
In 2017, the PR China was Germany's most important trading partner for the second time in a row. Germany purchases goods worth 100.5 billion euros from China. The export from Germany to China is slightly lower. The difference in the same year is 14.3 billion euros. For China, the Federal Republic plays as Gateway to Europe a special role. After the USA, Europe is China's most important trading partner.
The higher education system in Germany offers various courses that are dedicated to the country of China.
Stays abroad in China are also aimed at students from other disciplines, such as MINT or engineering subjects as well as literary or philosophical subjects. Students of artistic subjects are also invited to get to know the country and its cultural variants better.
Chinese economic operators are also investing in Germany and Europe. Between 2000 and 2014 the value was around 50 billion euros in Europe as a whole and 7 billion of it in Germany. The focus was on the European financial and real estate market as well as the technology sector - the latter especially in Germany. With foreign direct investments, Chinese investors intend better access to the European markets and the acquisition of know-how to secure the ability to add value in the face of economic structural change.
Since the 5-year plan of 2011, the Chinese government has been striving to move away from the role of the "workbench of the world" towards an economy geared towards innovation and consumption. In key sectors such as bio- and nanotechnology as well as aerospace, the country aims to play a leading role worldwide. Further high hopes are placed in the development of information technology, especially in the area of efficient data collection and analysis (big data) and the development of artificial intelligence.
2. What is the education system in China?
“The strength and economic growth of our country are increasingly dependent on the productivity of the workforce and the quantity and quality of the intellectuals. Given a good education system, China, a country with a billion people, can draw on enormous intellectual resources that no other country can offer ”(Deng Xiaoping, 1986)
29 years later, the educational landscape in China comprises 2,560 recognized universities and colleges and, measured by the 36 million students, has become the largest university system in the world. 1,801 universities are administered by a ministry and / or a provincial or city government. 728 are in private hands. 75 universities are administered directly by the ministry.
The educational policy framework is set by the National Group of National Sciences & Education, a body of the State Council and the Ministry of Education in Beijing. They are based on the guidelines of the Communist Party in charge of the country and the People's Congress. The most important universities are also subordinate to the Ministry. Not all university affairs, however, are controlled centrally. Some of the regulations also organize the administration of the Chinese provinces or are subject to the autonomy of the university.
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