What is Tauz in Islam

Why is suicide forbidden in Islam?

There are many examples of suicide in history. The subject of "suicide" or "suicide" was discussed in the ancient ancient Roman and Greek civilizations and established in the Jewish faith and mentioned in the classical Hindu books. Suicide is not limited to Western culture or civilization as it is part of the ancient Japanese code of honor and known as "hara-kiri". It is famous in Asian cultures. Suicide is found even in Muslim majority countries, although it is well known to be something that is clearly forbidden in Islam. Many sanctions against suicide have been mentioned in the Quran:

"And do not kill one another! Allah is merciful to you." (Quran 4:29)

"and do not throw yourselves into ruin with your own hands ..." (Koran 2: 195)

Do not despair of the mercy of Allah

The Koran makes it clear that human life is sacred. Life cannot be taken without justification and the right to life is contained in the tenets of Islam. Life itself is a gift from the Creator and we have an obligation to cherish it. Suicide out of desperation at the grace of God or because of worldly problems is strictly forbidden. Prophet Muhammad, may the blessings and blessings of God be upon him, said: Whoever kills himself with something in this world will be punished with it on the day of resurrection. [1] It is a great sin and its punishment is subject to the will of God. If He will, He will forgive him, and if He will, He will punish him for it. [2]

Life is an infinite series of moments. The two extremes form joyful moments that make our heart float and dark moments that plunge us into sadness and worry or even despair. Joy and its opposite, sadness, are part of the human condition; however, when we lose control of our emotions, it is easy to despair.

Say: “O my servants who have transgressed against your own souls, do not despair of the mercy of Allah, for Allah forgives all sins; He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. (Quran 39:53)

Despair is the feeling we get when all hope is gone and it is a very dangerous situation. God instructs us not to despair and especially not of His grace. God has not forsaken us in the face of temptations and trials we face in this world; He is always merciful and has given us powerful weapons. God, the Most Merciful, gives us clear guidelines and promises us two things, if we worship Him and follow His guidance, then we will be rewarded with Paradise and that relief will come after adversity.

Read also: The Tolerance of Islam in Emergencies

"But we will lead those who believe and do good works into gardens through which brooks flow, in which they will dwell for ever and ever (this is) a true promise from God; and who is more credible in this statement than God?" (Quran 4: 122)

"So, verily, with the Tribulation comes relief." (Quran 94: 5)

When the prophet Jacob was saddened and mourned, he turned to God and the Koran tells us that he has asked God for relief.

"He said:" I only lament my grief and grief before God, and I know from God what you do not know ... "(Koran 12:86)

The Prophet Muhammad also said:"No mishap or disease afflicts a Muslim, no worry or grief or harm or distress - not even a thorn sticks him without God forgiving him some of his sins."[3]

The religion of Islam is primarily concerned with establishing and maintaining a connection with the One God. One of the biggest mistakes people can make is separating their worldly life from their religious life. The stressful situations that cause despair in us and make us feel not connected to God always originate from worldly things such as emotional things, financial problems, substance abuse or health problems. Particularly in this new century, a feeling of isolation or distance from others is one of the most common reasons for despair.

God has promised us that He is aware of the situations we face and He has equipped us with weapons to counter them. However, when it comes to desperation, the condition that in some situations makes a person wonder about taking their own life, we need to dig a little deeper, remembering first of all that God is merciful, no matter which one Situation we are in, He is ready to forgive and help us.

God, the Most Merciful, Compassionate, and Blessed has directed us to memorize these traits and treat one another with respect and fairness. This includes not leaving anyone alone with their problems and worries. A little support and help could help avoid the sin of taking your life. God also forbids us to make fun of, despise, insult, abuse, or punish another.

"O you who believe! Do not let one crowd scoff at the other, perhaps these are better than those; nor (let women scoff) at (other) women, maybe these are better than those. And do not slander one another and do not give each other names of abuse. Bad is the designation of sinfulness after one has (accepted) the faith, and those who do not repent - these are the unrighteous. " (Quran 49:11)

Both God and Prophet Muhammad remind us that He will punish those who do wrong or oppress others.

"Now they have accused you of lying for what you said, and you can neither avert (the punishment) nor help (yourselves)." And he who does wrong of you, We shall cost a great penalty. "(Quran 25:19)

The Prophet Muhammad said:"A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should neither oppress him nor hand him over to an oppressor. Allah takes care of his brother's needs; Allah takes care of his needs; whoever brings his (Muslim) brother out of an inconvenience, will Allah will deliver from a discomfort on the day of resurrection, and whoever hides the faults of a Muslim, for him Allah will keep his faults hidden on the day of resurrection. "[4]

So there is certainly a benefit in treating others well, especially when helping friends and family members who are overwhelmed by the cruelty and injustice of life. But what about the people who feel alone, destroyed by the circumstances, and who are on the verge of desperation. How can a person suffering from suicidal thoughts move away from the abyss?

Read also: Forgiveness and Tolerance in Islam

This can be done in many ways; first, by strengthening one's relationship with God. This is done through reading the Koran, being aware of it and achieving a lot of dua (supplications) to God. Then a person would do well to see Satan's hand on this matter. He whispers a frightening scenario of poverty and helplessness. They are not true, because God's grace conquers everything. Cling to Him and Islam, even in the darkest hour and the longest night. Along with the weapons mentioned earlier, God gave us Prophet Muhammad, a grace for the worlds, for all people. Trying to imitate him will calm a person and bring him closer to God.

When we are aware that God is in control of all things and that He ultimately wants us to live in Paradise forever, then we can begin to put away our sadness and worries. If we face our fears and fears with full trust in God, and if we show patience and gratitude under all circumstances, the sadness and grief will dissipate, or at least feel lighter. The Prophet Muhammad said:Indeed, amazing are the believers' affairs! They are all for his benefit. When he gets relief, he is grateful and that is good for him. And if he is hit hard, he endures, and that is good for him.[5]


[1]Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim

[2] As described by many well-known Islamic scholars.

[3]Saw al-Bukhari

[4]Saw al-Bukhari

[5]See you Muslim