Who is known as the red jews
From Eli Erich Lasch
("Let there be Freedom - The Bible Unveiled",
Logos Publication, 1989)
The crossing of the Red Sea
Parashat B’Shalach, Exodus 13-17
The great battle between the forces of life and the forces of death was over. The children of Israel emerged from Egypt, the "narrow" land, the land of oppression and bondage[i], chased into the vast, open, unbridled desert. But before they could really become free, they had to overcome another obstacle: the Red Sea. This was the location of the final showdown between the Egyptian Pharaoh, who had declared himself to be god, and the forces of life, of which Moses was the representative:
“When it was reported to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, Pharaoh's and his people's minds changed towards the people and they said: What have we done to let Israel go so that they no longer see us serve? And he hitched his chariots and took his army with him. He took 600 chosen warriors and all of Egypt's chariots and charioteers on each of them. And the Lord God hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt so that he pursued the Israelites. Although they are undressed under the protection of the raised hand. The Egyptians pursued them and caught up with them as they camped by the sea. All the horses and chariots of the Egyptians and his whole army next to Pi-Hahirot across from Baal-Zafon. As Pharaoh drew near, the sons of Israel lifted their eyes to see the Egyptians following them. They were very afraid and shouted at HVJH. They said to Moses: Are there no tombs in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? What did you do to us by leading us out of Egypt? Didn't we already say to you in Egypt: Let go of us, we want to serve Egypt. Because it is better to serve Egypt than to die in the desert.
Moses answered the people: Do not be afraid, stand firm and you will see how HVJH will save you today. Because the way you see Egypt today, you will never see it again until the end of days. HE will fight for you and you keep calm. (Exodus 14: 5-14)
During the battle that was still taking place in Egypt, the children of Israel were passive. The child does not play an active role in the birth process. Now, however, they have been asked to participate. The way was shown by a pillar of clouds by day and a pillar of fire by night. But it was her decision to follow these signs. To get out of bondage, they had to move. They were to do so when they discovered Pharaoh's army that was persecuting them. Moses wanted to continue as in Egypt: “HVJH will fight for you. All you have to do is be quiet. ”But that time was over and God scolded him:
“Why are you screaming to me?
Tell the children of Israel to move on. "
Real salvation is only possible if one actively participates in it. Only then will it become real.
Again we have a parallel between the exodus from Egypt and our time today. The Jews who passively waited for the Messiah or wanted to assimilate to their Christian environment in Europe have disappeared from the stage of history. Israel was founded by Jews who gave up passivity and embarked on the path to salvation themselves.
So they moved on, even before Moses had divided the sea. And the Bible continues:
“But you, lift up your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea and split it so that the Israelites can walk on dry land in the middle of the sea ... The angel of God, who went before the army of Israel, arose and stepped behind you. And the pillar of cloud in front of him went away and stood behind her. And she came to stand between the army of Egypt and the army of Israel. On one side there was the cloud and the darkness, and on the other side it lit up the night and no one came close to the other. And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the Lord drove the sea back all night by a strong wind and made the sea dry, and the waters split. So the children of Israel walked on dry land in the middle of the sea with the waters on their right and left like a wall ”(Exodus 14: 16-22)
According to legend, even after the split of the sea, the Israelites were afraid to step on the ground because it was muddy. And only a man named Nachshon, son of Aminadav of the tribe of Judah, ventured forward. Tradition says that it was only because of those people who are willing to take the risk and jump into the water that the sea has split - and will split again and again if necessary.
To return to the previous paragraph, compare it to the first Zionists.
Modern research has tried again and again to localize the Red Sea; the suggested locations range from the Red Sea to the lakes along the Suez Canal (Lake Timsah and Lake Balah) or the Nile Delta. In the same way, attempts have been made to attribute the division of waters to natural phenomena and to reduce Moses' part in it to his knowledge of the tides. Another attitude that is very widespread today refers history to the realm of myths. Both approaches may be justified, but they don't hit the point because the Bible is neither a textbook of history nor a hodgepodge of myths.
The Bible uses both historical narratives and myths to teach. But is it possible that it is something completely different? Is it neither one nor the other? Is the Bible more and very different from what we imagine? Since the beginning of his career, yes, even since he was born, Moses was able to overcome the limits of space and time. For him, the bush burned and did not burn, and later he was able to unleash the forces of nature that afflicted the land of Egypt.
We see these acts as miracles, but aren't we doing similar miraculous acts in our daily life? To someone who lived only a few centuries earlier, it would also seem miraculous if we turned on an electric light or a television, drove a car, or went on a plane; they would appear to them like divine intervention or magic. The cynics and the Orthodox representatives of the religions will no doubt claim that we are using sophisticated devices that were not available to the ancients. And, they will add, nothing of the kind was available to Moses. No, they will say, a person who lived then could not do such deeds. And the dispute between the conventional religious view, which ascribes all these miracles to an immediate intervention of the divine, and the representatives of the scientific view, who relegate all these events to the realm of natural phenomena or myths, will continue. But aren't both views based on an incredible arrogance on the part of modern man? Are they not based on the assumption that all people who lived in ancient times were fundamentally primitive?
From this point of view, nothing could have been available to them that we do not have today. But what do we really know about the knowledge and science of ancient Egypt, the land where Moses grew up? Do we understand how the Egyptians built their pyramids, embalmed their dead, or painted the walls of their graves with colors that are as fresh today as they were three to four thousand years ago? Would we be able to do that? Could it be that the ancient Egyptians were heirs to a civilization much older and more advanced than ours? Now, if we go back and read the Bible, we will see that Moses did not stand empty-handed as he did his wonderful deeds. He had a staff in hand, a staff with all sorts of "magical" attributes. If we read the Bible, we can also see that the Egyptians had similar powers and recited the first two plagues. They could turn water into blood, they could summon frogs, and they also used sticks. The only difference was quantitative. It appears that Moses was a step or even several steps ahead of them, or that their staffs were losing their power.
We don't know how these bars worked, and neither did the audience. But isn't this true for many of our devices? Does the average person today know why a television or telephone works? He just uses it. A 'primitive', on the other hand, would view all of this as witchcraft. But if we ignore the powers of the staff for a moment, how do we know that Moses did not have the spiritual or emotional powers to perform these deeds? Just because modern man neither has nor understands these powers?
Science is only just beginning to deal with so-called "paranormal" phenomena such as telepathy, telekinesis, spiritual healing and even clairvoyance. It even seems that these forces can be amplified by modern electronics. An example of this is the television healing that I did, which has been shown to heal thousands of the sick.
Today this kind of healing is still called miraculous healing, but apparently it has little to do with divine intervention. On the other hand, there are also phenomena like the healings in Lourdes ...
All of these phenomena cannot be explained with “normal” natural science. They just exist. Would it be possible that there was a similar interaction when Moses divided the water with the help of his staff?
What do we really know about our brain's capabilities? Most scientists agree that we only use a small percentage of it, with estimates ranging from ten to twenty percent. It is more than likely that Moses ’training as an Egyptian priest awakened in him dormant abilities that he further developed during his stay in Midian. After all, he was a young man when he left Egypt and eighty years old when he returned! What has he been doing all these years? This is something we will never know, we only know that the desert with its silence offers the opportunity to develop special skills. It is no coincidence that all the founders of great religions spent some time in the desert. In the desert the silence speaks[ii] and God appeared to the prophet Elijah in the deepest silence (1 Kings 19:12) ... the Ten Commandments are called the "ten proverbs" in Hebrew. The highlight of this stay was the encounter with God in the burning bush, where he freed himself from the bonds of time and found his divinity again.
What does it actually mean to have “found one's divinity again”? Kabbalah sees God as nothingness or the great void, and all that we call divine are His attributes (see also the chapter on Joseph). Moses was associated with one of these attributes, something that Kabbalah calls dwekuth or clinging - an active process that can only come from the deity. It always comes "from above," and that is what the Bible calls the strong hand of God. Figuratively speaking, God extends his hand to you. After his experience at the burning bush, Moses was connected to the deity like an electrical device to electricity. He was guided by God's hand. Contrary to popular belief, such a thing does not happen when one tries to do something in honor of God or for His good pleasure, but one has to conform to one of the attributes, and usually, as with Moses, it happens unconsciously. When I had my experience of God[iii] and thus becoming a healer, I was an atheist and was catapulted from one reality to the other. The Kabbalists call such an experience “being transported to another world”.
When Moses grew old, he passed his knowledge on to Joshua, who used it at least twice. The first time was when the people had to cross the Jordan across from Jericho (Joshua 3: 13-17); the second time was when Israel fought the Amorites. Joshua needed more time, and he got it in a very special way: he stretched it, or in the language of the Bible:
“Joshua spoke to the Lord and said in the presence of Israel: Sun, stand still by Gibeon and the moon in the valley of Ayalon. The sun stood still and the moon remained there until the people took revenge on their enemies ... So the sun stood still in the middle of the sky and did not hurry to set for almost a whole day. And never, not before and not after, did the Lord listen to a man's voice as he did that day ”(Joshua 12-14)
With our current level of knowledge we know that this description cannot be taken literally. After all, it is not the sun and the moon that revolve around the earth, but vice versa. If the earth's rotation had stopped, all of the earth's inhabitants would have been hurled into space. But the story is not based solely on poetic freedom either. It was not nature that changed, but the people of Israel. At that moment it stepped out of time. From his point of view, the sun and moon really stood still. For the children of Israel only. For the rest of the world, the natural rhythm continued unchanged.[iv]
Has God really interfered here personally, as the orthodox fundamentalists claim? As we indicated in the chapter on Joseph, Kabbalah, Jewish mysticism, says that God does not interfere directly, because to interfere is to become active and to be active is to change. God, on the other hand, is eternal and immutable.
What actually happened there? Just like Moses, Joshua was connected with the attributes of God and was therefore able to leave the stream of time.
Moses defeated the Egyptians because they separated from the divine energy and committed themselves to immobility and death. This also explains the symbol of the Red Sea. The Bible does not speak of a place overgrown with reeds. She uses a play on words to convey a message to us. In Hebrew is the name of the Red Sea Jam suf, the sea of suf. Suf means “reed”, but the word can also be used as sof be read and sof means "end".[v] And so we see that for the children of Israel the sea was like reeds that bend in the wind. For the Egyptians, however, it was the sea of the end, and their end is well known:
"The waters rushed back, covering the chariots and horsemen, all of Pharaoh's forces that had followed them into the sea, so that not one of them was left alive" (Exodus 14:28).
And the Bible continues: "When Israel saw how mighty the hand of the Lord had shown itself in Egypt, the people feared God and believed in God and in his servant Moses" (ibid. 29)
If we now summarize the Exodus from Egypt, it becomes clear to us that, according to the Bible, everything was only possible through the direct intervention of God. Man cannot free himself from bondage on his own. On the other hand, God needs a human mediator, and this was Moses. Moses did nothing on his own initiative. Ever since he met God at the burning bush and accepted his commission, he became a pure channel of God's power. To relate this to our time, people today, despite all their achievements, are still under the spell of death. He cannot decide for himself anything that is of real importance, neither his birth nor his death. He is still relentlessly at the mercy of death and to that extent he is still in Egypt, the "narrow country", the land of death. Has the exodus from Egypt even taken place and is it really just a historical event? Or is it a vision of the future? Is it the way to the beginning of a new world that the Bible presents as the revelation at Sinai - the beginning of God's kingdom on earth?
The Parashah is interrupted by a hymn of praise, which has since become part of the liturgy of the morning prayer: Shirat haJam, the song of the sea: “At that time Moshe and the children of Israel sang ... I want to sing to the Eternal, the God of Israel, because high rose he, horse and rider he threw into the sea ... He is a warrior, HVJH is his name ”. (Exodus 15: 1-3)
God the warrior? God the Avenger, the cruel God of the Old Testament? There is the following legend about it: When the children of Israel thanked God for their salvation, they wanted to join in too. God told them this: "The work of my hands is drowning in the sea and you sing me a hymn of praise?"
- [i] The Hebrew name for Egypt, which was adopted by the Arabs, is mitzraim (in Arabic missr). The literal meaning of this name is that mentioned in the text. The ancient Egyptians named their country khamat or khemet. This name is very similar to the biblical name for the son of Noah, the forefather of the Egyptians, Kham.
- [ii] The Hebrew word for desert consists of the same consonants as the word "speak", see also: Eli Lasch, Songs of Hope, Vantage Press, 1992
- [iii] see: Eli Lasch, The light came over me, Hans Nietsch Verlag, 1998
- [iv] This view can also be found in the writings of Rabbi Löw, the famous Kabbalist who lived in Prague in the 16th century and is associated with the legend of the golem. That was a few centuries before Albert Einstein discovered the relativity of time.
- [v] The Hebrew script only has consonants.
To [Discussion of this part of the week],
the author is available in our forum.
Translation: the author and Cornelia Fuchs (Isaiah, 5.2)
All quotations from the Bible are taken from the translation by Buber / Rosenzweig.
Torah: beShalah, Ex 13: 17-17: 16
Haftarah: Judges 4: 4-5: 31
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